[设为首页] [加入收藏]
您现在的位置:主页 > www493333com开马 >

海明威悲剧观翻译 RT 中翻英。。禁止在线翻译工具

[时间:2019-11-07 03:55来源:未知作者:admin浏览:]

  海明威的主人公虽然偶尔也表现出怀疑人生、恐惧死亡的悲观情绪,却很少有绝望下的呻吟或自我毁灭。他们的悲剧难以从性格缺陷中得到解释;相反,他们大多是打不败的“硬汉了”,对客观世界有着不同程度的驾驭力,能够在重压之下保持从容。处于重大历史变革中的海明威,一方面受现代文学意识的影响,看到了人生永恒的悲剧性;另一方面也继承了传统文学的现实主义精神,真实记录人与命运的抗争,弘扬人的价值和尊严。如果说海明威人物的行动的全部力量就在于与失望相结合的勇敢之中,那么,他的文学作品的力量主要来源于他独特的悲剧意识。海明威的悲剧意识经历了一个显著的发展过程,大致上说,可分为对悲剧的宿命论式的接受、对悲剧的自觉规避、以及与悲剧的积极抗争三个阶段。悲剧意识是海明威世界观和创作思想中最显著的特点之一,这在他的第一部长篇小说《太阳照常升起》中就得到反映。小说有两个题词,其中之一是《传道书》中的一段话,小说的题名即由此而来。在《圣经》中,类似于《传道书》所表现出的强烈的宿命论思想并不多见:“传道者说:虚空的虚空,虚空的虚空,凡事都是虚空。人一切的劳碌,就是他在日光之下的劳碌,有什么益处呢?一代又过去,一代又来,地却永远长存。日头出来,日头落下急归所出之地。 海明威选择其中的词句作为题词,用意十分明显,即指出人生悲剧的普遍性和永恒性,为整部小说的悲剧色彩奠定基调。

  海明威的主人公虽然偶尔也表现出怀疑人生、恐惧死亡的悲观情绪,却很少有绝望下的呻吟或自我毁灭。

  他们的悲剧难以从性格缺陷中得到解释;相反,他们大多是打不败的“硬汉子”。

  处于重大历史变革中的海明威,一方面受现代文学意识的影响,看到了人生永恒的悲剧性;另一方面也继承了传统文学的现实主义精神,真实记录人与命运的抗争,弘扬人的价值和尊严。

  如果说海明威人物的行动的全部力量就在于与失望相结合的勇敢之中,那么,他的文学作品的力量主要来源于他独特的悲剧意识。

  if all the strength of the action of Hemingways characters,lies in the courage combined with disappointment, then, majorly,the power of his literary works is from his unique sense of the tragedy.

  Haimingweis leading character in a novel doubts life , lower moaning or self-destruction being afraid of the pessimism dying, but seldom having giving up all hope though showing out once in a while also. Their tragedy is difficult to be made an explanation from the character in the defect; Antagonism , they have been mostly a worst man of iron , the force has had controlling to varying degrees to the objective world , can under great pressure keep unhurried. Be in significant history Haimingwei in transforming, one aspect has accepted the effect that modern literature is aware of , has seen eternal tragedy of life; The spirit having inherited on the other hand also tradition literature actualism , contending recording person and destiny truly, develop and expand peoples value and dignity. If all Haimingwei personage action strengths lie in to combine with disappointment each other, in braveness, then, his literary works strength originates from his distinctive tragedy mental consciousness mainly. Haimingweis tragedy consciousness has experienced a notable development process , say roughly speaking detachable be to evade, and contend with tragic active to tragic dyadic take on of determinism , the consciousness to tragic three stages. Tragedy consciousness one of the most notable characteristic being a Haimingwei world outlook and creating thought middle, this is reported right away in the first headquarter novel the sun rises as usual of him. The novel has two inscriptions, one of which a segment of words in being Ecclesiastes , the novel subject namely from this but come. In what be intense determinism Bible is middle , similar to that Ecclesiastes thought sees not much: Preach person says: The hollow hollow , the hollow hollow, everything all is a hollow. All toiling of person, are his toiling under sunlight , what benefit to have? Generation both goes over , once on behalf of and comes , the field lives forever but forever. The sun comes out , the sun leaves field of being responsibility taken place urgently behind. Word and phrase among them Haimingwei is chosen are an inscription , purpose is very obvious, be to point out tragic universality of life and eternal, the color establish keynote for the entire novel tragedy.

网站首页www498888com开马www493333com开马香港杀庄网0449开马www.xg1133.com